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Friday, December 1, 2017

Michael Flynn. Tax Bill Amendments

U.S. v. Michael T. Flynn (1:17-cr-232, District of Columbia)
Lieutenant General Michael T. Flynn (Ret.), of Alexandria, Va., pleaded guilty on Dec. 1, 2017, to making false statements to FBI agents, in violation of 18 U.S.C. 1001.



Monday, November 27, 2017

Trump Tax Plan


“The staff of the Joint Committee on Taxation (JCT) estimates that enacting the legislation would reduce revenues by about $1,633 billion and decrease outlays by $219 billion over the 2018-2027 period, leading to an increase in the deficit of $1,414 billion over the next 10 years. A portion of the changes in revenues would be from Social Security payroll taxes, which are off-budget. Excluding the estimated $27 billion increase in off-budget revenues over the next 10 years, JCT estimates that the legislation would increase on-budget deficits by about $1,441 billion over the period from 2018 to 2027. Pay-as-you-go procedures apply because enacting the legislation would affect direct spending and revenues.”

Thursday, November 23, 2017

Wild Facts About Wild Turkeys

Wild Facts About Wild Turkeys

Wild tom (male) turkeys parade with fanned tail feathers at Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge in Oklahoma. A tom is also known as a gobbler. (Photo: Larry Smith, Flickr Creative Commons)

Thought you knew all there is to know about the odd birds at your table this week?
Think again. The group is even wilder than you thought.
Amuse your guests with some offbeat turkey facts. Then walk off the meal at a national wildlife refuge where you may you spy wild turkeys strutting and fanning their feathers like those in this video, filmed at DeSoto National Wildlife Refuge in Iowa and Nebraska. Who knows? You might emerge looking less like a butterball yourself. (Just joking.)
Read on and you’ll learn some oddball turkey trivia and favorite wild turkey hideouts.
  TURKEY FACT #1: Enough with gobble, gobble. Turkeys also cluck and purr





A wild turkey shows its wattle and caruncles at Parker River National Wildlife Refuge in Massachusetts. The wattle is a skin flap reaching from the beak to the neck. Caruncles are bumps of flesh that cover the birds’ necks and heads. (Photo: Matt Poole/USFWS)

  TURKEY FACT #2: Turkey droppings tell a bird’s sex and age. Male droppings are j-shaped; female droppings are spiral-shaped. The larger the diameter, the older the bird.





A pair of wild Rio Grande turkeys — a tom (left) and a hen — have eyes for each other at Buffalo Lake National Wildlife Refuge in Texas. (Photo: Robert Burton/USFWS)

  TURKEY FACT #3: Feathers galore: An adult turkey has 5,000 to 6,000 feathers count them!.





A wild turkey folds its iridescent feathers, mimicking the look of abstract art, at Minnesota Valley National Wildlife Refuge. (Photo: Copyright Mike Williams)

  TURKEY FACT #4: Tom turkeys aren’t the only ones that swagger and fan their tail feathers to woo mates and ward off rivals. Some hens strut, too.





A wild turkey investigates a sound at Great Bay National Wildlife Refuge in New Hampshire. (Photo: Matt Poole/USFWS)

  TURKEY FACT #5: Young turkeys — called poults — scarf down insects like candy. Poults develop more of a taste for plants after they’re four weeks old.





Hey, look at me. No, look at me. Two toms vie for hens’ attention at Crab Orchard National Wildlife Refuge in Illinois. (Photo: Jim Osborn)

  TURKEY FACT #6: They may look off-kilter tilting their heads and staring at the sky yet they’re fast. Turkeys can clock more than 12 miles per hour.





A Merriam’s turkey gobbler struts for a hen at Sand Lake Wetland Management District in South Dakota.  (Photo: Tom Koerner/USFWS)

  TURKEY FACT #7: Move over, American bald eagle. Ben Franklin called the wild turkey a “bird of courage” and thought it would make a better national symbol. 





A first-year jake (a young male) with a bright red wattle and a beard patrols at John Heinz National Wildlife Refuge at Tinicum in Pennsylvania. (Photo: Bill Buchanan/USFWS)

Turkey-rich refuges:
FLORIDA
St Marks National Wildlife Refuge
To boost your chances of seeing turkeys, lower your car speed to a crawl  “Turkeys are sensitive to the movement of vehicles,” says ranger David Moody or get out and walk, slowly. The refuge is closed to hunting until December 10. Turkeys like the open terrain of the longleaf pine sandhill ecosystem along the Florida National Scenic Trail, almost 50 miles of which go through the refuge. $5 entrance fee.
GEORGIA
Piedmont National Wildlife Refuge
Look for turkeys along 50 miles of gravel roads, including 6-mile-long Wildlife Drive. You might also see turkeys off Round Oak Juliette Road, a scenic paved byway. Or try one of the refuge’s five hiking trails. No entrance fee.
ILLINOIS
Crab Orchard National Wildlife Refuge
The 1.7- mile Wild Turkey Trail leads through woods and offers a fine chance of seeing … you-know-whats. For more of a challenge, take the connecting 2.2-mile Rocky Bluff Trail. Entrance fee: $2 per vehicle.  
MASSACHUSETTS
Parker River National Wildlife Refuge
Several short foot trails give you a chance to glimpse wild turkeys. You might also spy some along Wildlife Drive. Entrance fee: $5 per vehicle. 





Two gobblers vie for dominance at John Heinz Refuge at Tinicum. The younger tom on the left (uneven tail feathers signify youth) appears to win. (Photo: Bill Buchanan/USFWS)

More turkey-rich refuges:
MINNESOTA
Minnesota Valley National Wildlife Refuge
From the visitor center, the half-mile Hillside Trail connects to the Long Meadow Lake Trail. Follow it around the floodplain wetland, keeping your eyes out for wild turkeys. No entrance fee. 
Sherburne National Wildlife Refuge
The refuge has a “healthy population” of the skittish wild birds, says deputy manager Greg Dehmer. Look for them along 7.5-mile Wildlife Drive, two refuge hiking trails, and in prairie fields beside county roads that run through the refuge. No entrance fee.
NEW MEXICO
Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge
Hundreds of Rio Grande turkeys hang out here. The North and South Auto Tour Loops are good places to spot some. Other good spots: along the Rio Viejo Trail, the John Taylor Memorial Trail or the bike trail on the east side service road of the Low Flow Conveyance Channel. Entrance fee: $5 per vehicle

NEW YORK
Iroquois National Wildlife Refuge  
Feeder Road takes you on a scenic 3.5-mile drive into the refuge, passing fields and grasslands that are favorite turkey hangouts. The road is open to cars now through February, and to hikers and cyclists year-round. Three other hiking trails are also available. No entrance fee.





Wild turkeys take a break from gobbling and strutting to take a sip at Lake Andes National Wildlife Refuge in South Dakota. (Photo: Kelly Preheim)

Still more turkey-rich refuges:
SOUTH CAROLINA
Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge
Nine-mile Wildlife Drive passes woods and fields where you might spot turkeys, especially in mornings and late afternoons. Or walk any of five hiking trails along the drive. An observation tower in the Oxpen Unit offers exceptional birding and scenic views. No entrance fee.
TEXAS
Hagerman National Wildlife Refuge
Look for wild turkeys crossing Refuge Road as you drive in the main entrance. Raasch Trail is also a good bet for seeing wild turkeys. No entrance fee.
Refuge trails are open sunrise to sunset daily, even on Thanksgiving Day when refuge visitor centers will be closed. Free trail maps are available outside the visitor center or at a refuge entrance kiosk. Here’s more information on National Wildlife Refuge System trails.  





Rio Grande wild turkeys, a Merriam’s subspecies, strut and feed in Wyoming. (Photo: Courtesy of the National Turkey Federation)